how to do physiotherapy for lower back pain

How to do Physiotherapy For Lower Back Pain?

Physiotherapy offers a proven solution to combat lower back pain, a common ailment affecting a vast global population. Regular, targeted exercises can enhance strength, increase flexibility, and greatly alleviate discomfort. This holistic approach to wellness empowers individuals to take control of their health, with physiotherapy for lower back pain offering a viable pathway to recovery.

So, how to do physiotherapy for lower back pain? The process involves engaging in a range of exercises designed by a qualified physiotherapist to target your specific condition. These exercises may include stretches, core strengthening activities, and low-impact aerobics.

In the subsequent sections of this blog post, we’ll delve deeper into the importance of physiotherapy for lower back pain. We’ll provide a detailed guide on the exercises involved, the benefits you can expect, and how to maintain your progress over time.

Importance of Physiotherapy for Lower Back Pain

Understanding the importance of physiotherapy for lower back pain is the first step in your journey to recovery. A consistent physiotherapy routine not only addresses the symptoms of lower back pain but also targets the root cause of the problem. By doing so, it can provide long-term relief and prevent future occurrences.

Physiotherapy for lower back pain is more than just a treatment; it’s a strategic approach towards overall back health. It teaches you how to make lifestyle adjustments, improve your posture, and strengthen your back muscles to withstand the demands of daily activities. This proactive approach empowers you to take control of your well-being and leads to a significant enhancement in the quality of your life.

In summary, investing in physiotherapy for lower back pain is an investment in your health. It not only alleviates your current discomfort but also equips you with the knowledge and tools necessary to sustain a pain-free life.

Exercise Involved in Physiotherapy for Lower Back Pain

In this section, we will elaborate on the various exercises involved in physiotherapy for lower back pain. These methods are proven to alleviate pain, strengthen your back, and enhance your flexibility.

Bird Dog

The Bird Dog exercise is a classic core stability routine that enhances the strength of your lower back and abdominal muscles.

Child’s Pose

The Child’s Pose is a relaxing stretch for your lower back and hips, providing relief from tension and discomfort.

Pelvic Tilts

Pelvic Tilts are excellent for improving the flexibility of your lower back and promoting better posture.

Cat-Cow Stretch

The Cat-Cow Stretch is a gentle movement that boosts the flexibility of your entire spine and relieves lower back pain.

Knee-to-Chest Stretch

The Knee-to-Chest Stretch is a beneficial exercise to alleviate lower back pain by stretching your hamstrings and glutes.

Bridge Pose

The Bridge Pose predominantly targets your glutes and lower back muscles, enhancing their strength and stability.

Partial Crunches

Partial Crunches are a safe and effective way to strengthen your core and reduce lower back pain.

Wall Sits

Wall suits are excellent for strengthening your lower back and leg muscles without putting undue pressure on your spine.

Press-up Back Extensions

Press-up Back Extensions are beneficial for improving the mobility and flexibility of your lower back.

Lower Back Rotational Stretches

Lower Back Rotational Stretches enhance the flexibility and range of motion of your lower back, thus reducing pain.

Pelvic Lifts

Pelvic Lifts are an excellent way to strengthen your core and lower back muscles, helping to maintain spinal stability.

Side Plank

The Side Plank exercise is an effective routine for reinforcing your core muscles, which in turn offers better support for your lower back.

Superman Pose

The Superman Pose is a beneficial exercise for strengthening your lower back muscles, improving posture, and reducing pain.

Lying Lateral Leg Lifts

Lying Lateral Leg Lifts are excellent for strengthening your hip and lower back muscles, which are essential for supporting your spine.

Seated Lower Back Rotational Stretches

These stretches enhance the flexibility and range of motion of your lower back, mitigating discomfort and promoting spinal health.

Benefits of Physiotherapy for Low Back Pain

Physiotherapy has a pivotal role in managing lower back pain, offering non-surgical solutions to improve mobility and alleviate discomfort. It employs a combination of therapeutic exercises, manual therapy, and advice, providing a holistic approach to pain management. Here, we have described some benefits of physiotherapy for low back pain.

The Healing Power of Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy proves to be a powerful remedy for lower back pain, working to alleviate discomfort and enhance your quality of life. By focusing on the root cause rather than merely treating the symptoms, it ensures a holistic healing approach.

Restoring Mobility and Flexibility

Physiotherapy exercises are specially designed to restore the flexibility and mobility of your lower back. They aim to improve your range of motion, making daily movements easier and pain-free.

Strengthening Your Back Muscles

Consistent physiotherapy can significantly strengthen your lower back muscles. Stronger muscles provide better support to your spine, reducing the likelihood of pain and injury.

Improving Posture

Physiotherapy also puts a significant emphasis on adopting the correct posture. Improved posture not only helps eliminate back pain but also prevents its recurrence.

Pain Management 

Physiotherapy offers effective pain management strategies without depending on medication. This natural treatment method can reduce your reliance on painkillers, minimizing potential side effects.

Enhancing Overall Well-being

Lastly, physiotherapy for lower back pain also contributes to overall well-being. Regular exercise releases endorphins, the body’s natural painkillers and mood elevators, promoting a sense of wellness.

How to Maintain Your Progress over Time? 

Once you’ve seen improvement through physiotherapy, the next critical step is to maintain this progress. Let’s delve into some beneficial strategies to ensure that your lower back pain stays at bay.

Maintaining Progress Over Time

Establishing a consistent routine is key in maintaining the progress made through physiotherapy for lower back pain. It’s not a quick fix but a journey that requires continued effort and patience.

Regular Practice of Physiotherapy Exercises 

Your progress with physiotherapy is directly proportional to the consistency of your exercise routine. Even after your pain subsides, continue with the exercises to keep the muscles strong and flexible.

Postural Awareness

Always be aware of your posture, especially during activities that you do often. Whether you’re sitting at your desk or lifting heavy objects, maintaining proper posture can significantly reduce the risk of recurring back pain.

Balanced Lifestyle

A balanced lifestyle, including a healthy diet and regular physical activities, can supplement your physiotherapy routine. Nutritious food fuels your body for physical challenges, while regular activities keep your back muscles engaged and active.

Regular Check-ups

Don’t skip your follow-up appointments with your physiotherapist. Regular check-ups allow your therapist to assess your progress and make necessary adjustments to your treatment plan.

Listening to Your Body

Always listen to your body. If you feel any pain or discomfort while performing an exercise, stop immediately and consult your physiotherapist. Overexertion can lead to injuries, hindering your progress.

How does one do physiotherapy for lower back pain?

Physiotherapy for lower back pain involves a combination of specific exercises, lifestyle alterations, and mindful practices. Here, we provide a simple guide on how to effectively perform these activities for optimal benefits.

Starting with Warm-up Exercises

Before diving into specific physiotherapy exercises for lower back pain, it’s crucial to prepare your body with some warm-up. Gentle activities like walking or stationary cycling for a few minutes can increase blood flow to your muscles and make them more flexible, reducing the risk of injury.

Practicing Back Stretching Exercises

Once warmed up, you can move on to performing stretching exercises for your back. These could include the knee-to-chest stretch, the spinal twist, or the lower back flexion stretch. Remember, these stretches should create a feeling of gentle pulling in your muscles but never any pain. 

Strengthening Your Core Muscles

Core strengthening exercises are a vital part of physiotherapy for lower back pain. The plank, bridge, or bird-dog exercises can help strengthen your core, providing better support for your lower back.

Incorporating Aerobic Exercises

Adding low-impact aerobic exercises like walking or swimming to your physiotherapy routine can help improve your overall endurance and increase blood flow to your back, speeding up the healing process.

Cool Down is Essential

Lastly, always remember to end your physiotherapy session with a cool-down period. This could include light walking or performing some of the stretching exercises again. It helps to gradually bring your heart rate down and allows your muscles to recover effectively.

Final Words

In conclusion, physiotherapy is an effective strategy for alleviating lower back pain and improving overall functionality. It starts with a proper warm-up, followed by a series of back stretching exercises to increase flexibility and mobility. Strengthening the core is another crucial step; it supports the lower back and reduces the risk of injury. Incorporating low-impact aerobic exercises improves endurance and promotes healing. Finally, a cool-down period is essential to allow muscles to recover and maintain their resilience. Remember, each exercise should be performed meticulously and with care, never forcing your body into discomfort or pain. It’s about consistency and patience, as therapeutic results are cumulative over time. Following this guide, you’re well on your way to managing your lower back pain through physiotherapy.


"Hasan", I am a physiotherapy Doctor. I have completed my B.S.c course (4 years) under Rajshahi University, Faculty of Medicine, Rajshahi. Currently I am working as a clinical physiotherapist at a renowned physiotherapy center and I am continuing my MPT (Master's of physiotherapy) degree at CRP, Savar.

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