tibia fracture physiotherapy exercises pdf

Tibia Fracture Physiotherapy Exercises PDF

Are you, or is there someone that you know who is recovering from a tibia fracture? Welcome to our blog post on tibia fracture physiotherapy exercises. A tibia fracture, a common lower leg injury, often needs a unique rehab program for strength and mobility to be restored. In this post, we’ll know the significance of physiotherapy exercises tailored specifically for tibia fracture recovery and will provide the PDF file of tibia fracture physiotherapy exercises.

Looking for an ultimate guide on tibia fracture physiotherapy exercises? You are in the right place! This PDF resource will provide practical exercises for Tibia Fracture to help you recover as it covers all stages of recovery, ranging from early days up to full rehabilitation processes. The activities range from mild stretches to concentrated power-building procedures aimed at treating your injured leg so that it may heal and start functioning.

Tibia fracture physiotherapy exercises can be overwhelming, but with proper guidance and tools, you can make great leaps in your healing. Obtain our Tibia Fracture Physiotherapy Exercises PDF and get valuable information about how to regain your strength and movement ability now.

Tibia Fracture

Tibia fractures are scary, but knowing about them makes the journey to recovery easier. Here, we will take a look at what exactly a tibia fracture is, its causes, symptoms, treatment options, and tips for recovery, all explained in simple terms.

What is the Tibia Fracture?

The tibia forms part of the two bones found within the area known as the shinbone of most people’s legs. As such, there would follow after any breakage or cracking that occurs around this bone, leading to a condition called ‘tibial fractures.’ For instance, it could happen due to falls, sports injuries, accidents, etc.

Causes of Tibia Fractures

  • For instance, high-impact trauma like car accidents.
  • Falls from heights
  • Sports injuries, especially those related to high-impact or contact sports.
  • Conditions such as osteoporosis tend to make bones weak.

Symptoms of Tibia Fractures

  • Pain, swelling, and tenderness around the lower leg
  • Difficulty or inability to bear weight on the affected leg
  • Bruising or discoloration
  • Deformity, in which the leg may appear twisted or bent out of shape

Types of Tibia Fractures

Closed fracture: The fractured bone does not protrude out of the skin.

Open fracture: Where a broken bone breaks through your skin; thereby increasing susceptibility to infections.

Treatment Options

Immobilization: This might include putting a cast or splint on your leg so that as it heals, the bone will be kept steady in one position.

Surgery: At times, there is a need for surgery to align and stabilize bones using metallic plates, screws, or rods as well.

Rehabilitation: Physical therapy helps rebuild strength, flexibility, and movement in the affected area once it has healed completely.

Recovery Tips

  • Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully,
  • Take painkillers that have been prescribed to prevent you from feeling any pain.
  • Keep all follow-up visits with the doctor to monitor progress,
  • The letter “D” can help support healing by eating healthy foods containing calcium and other nutrients required for bone growth, such as vitamin D.

Tibia Fracture Physiotherapy Exercises

Physiotherapy exercises are critical in helping you regain strength, flexibility, and mobility in your leg after suffering a tibia fracture. In this manual, we shall look at a number of simple exercises divided into phases aimed at facilitating the recovery process.

Phase 1: Early Mobility (Weeks 1-6)

Ankle Pumps: Sit or lie down with your leg straight. Move your foot up and down just like pushing water with an ankle pump. Do this 10-12 times per set, performing three sets during each session.

Quadriceps: Sit with your leg straight and supported. Push your knee’s backside down into the surface beneath you in order to make the muscles at the front of your thigh tight. Release after 5 seconds. Repeat ten times.

Gluteus Maximus: Lie flat on your back with straight legs. Clench together your ass muscles for five seconds, then let go of them again, do this in repetitions ten times.

Foot Bends: Position yourself lying on your back, knees bent, feet placed flat on the floor. Descend one foot while pushing it away from you until it is fully stretched; hold for a moment before returning to the starting point, then move on to the other foot; repeat ten times on each side.

Phase 2 – Building Strength (6-12 weeks)

Straight leg raises: While lying flat on your back, bend one knee and keep the other straight. Raise one leg off the ground with it kept straight until it reaches parallel with the bent knee; wait for a few seconds before lowering it down again. Perform three sets of ten reps per side.

Mini squats: Stand up with both feet apart at shoulder length and hold onto a stable surface if required. Slowly bring yourself down as if sitting down in a chair by bending your knees without leaning forward and keeping them behind your toes while ensuring that you maintain an upright posture of your torso; come back into a standing position. Start off with two sets consisting of ten reps each time.

Standing calf raises: Take a stance with two feet, put hip-width apart, and grasp hold onto a stationary object for support, like a wall or table. Extend the heel as high as possible, then let it drop gradually till the heel touches the ground again. Aim for fifteen reps repeated three times.

Step ups: Using a low step or sturdy platform, stand facing towards the step and lift your body up while extending the working legs, pushing the waist frontward upon going the returning foot downwards. Continue alternating which foot is used per set, aiming at performing two sets having ten reps per leg.

Phase 3 – Functional Training (12 weeks to 6 months)

Lunges: Stand with your feet hip-width apart. Step forward with one leg, bending both knees towards the floor. Ensure that your front knee is in line with your ankle and the back knee hovers just above the ground; return to the starting position. Aim at doing two sets of ten reps on each side.

Balance exercises: For thirty seconds, stand on one foot, then repeat the process by standing on the other foot using a support. If needed, do it thrice each way.

Walking: Gradual walks increasing distance and intensity focusing on proper gait mechanics and weight bearing through affected limb as tolerated

Functional activities: Incorporate daily life-related activities, e.g., walking up stairs, squatting down to pick up objects, or walking over rough terrain to boost strength and mobility further.

Here we have uploaded a PDF file of Rehabilitation Guidelines for Tibial Fracture



Rehabilitation programs are categorized into phases, which include easy physiotherapy exercises that will help you recover from tibia fractures faster. Gradually increase your progress, listen constantly to how your body feels about this situation, and consult a medical practitioner or physical therapist when exercising if you feel any discomfort or pain. One can gradually regain strength and function in their legs but surely return to the normal routine they had always desired again as they engage in these simple exercise techniques. Are you, or is there someone that you know who is recovering from a tibia fracture? Welcome to our blog post on tibia fracture physiotherapy exercises. A tibia fracture, a standard lower leg injury, often needs a unique rehab program for strength and mobility to be restored. In this post, we’ll examine the significance of physiotherapy exercises tailored specifically for tibia fracture recovery and offer insights into efficient practices that one can include in one’s routine.


"Hasan", I am a physiotherapy Doctor. I have completed my B.S.c course (4 years) under Rajshahi University, Faculty of Medicine, Rajshahi. Currently I am working as a clinical physiotherapist at a renowned physiotherapy center and I am continuing my MPT (Master's of physiotherapy) degree at CRP, Savar.

View all posts by MAHMUDUL HASAN →

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